Ensuring that the nutritional intake of your child can be fulfilled is not an easy job for some mums. Surely all mums want food that is consumed by the little one every day can meet the nutritional needs.
Not infrequently this makes Mama provide supplements and additional vitamins to the Little apart from the food he consumes. However, should your child be given supplements and vitamins? According to the Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI) supplements and vitamins are given to babies whose nutritional needs cannot be met from daily food intake. This nutritional deficiency can be seen by conducting special tests to detect the needs of micronutrients in infants.
The following are guidelines regarding the provision of supplements and vitamins, and minerals from the World Health Organization (WHO) which were successfully summarized by us.
1. Vitamin A
The addition of vitamin A has succeeded in reducing mortality by 24 percent and diarrhea deaths by 28 percent. Vitamin A works to support the baby’s immune system and the health of their eyes and skin.
WHO recommends giving vitamin A supplements of 100,000 U (blue capsules) to infants aged 6-11 months, and 200,000 U (red capsules) every 4-6 months in children aged 12-59 months. The government has implemented recommendations for the provision of vitamin A from WHO routinely in the month of vitamin A, namely February and August.
2. Vitamin D
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends giving 400 D of vitamin D to exclusively breastfed babies, babies who drink formula milk less than one liter a day, and children, and adolescents. Additional vitamin D can also be obtained from the sun, but make sure the baby is not too often exposed to direct sunlight to avoid the risk of skin cancer.
Iron supplementation is recommended to be given routinely every day for three months each year to infants from the age of 6 months. The provision of iron supplements is the most concern by WHO because it has an important role in the growth and development of a child’s brain, increasing endurance, as well as concentration and learning achievement.
Zinc supplements have been shown to reduce diarrhea and pneumonia, support linear growth, such as height, and can reduce mortality related to infectious diseases. Zinc is recommended to be given routinely for at least 2 months every 6 months, in infants aged 6-23 months.
Iodine is an essential mineral to support weight and height growth and brain intelligence development. Toddlers who experience iodine deficiency will have a IQ that is 13.5 points lower than toddlers who have enough iodine. According to WHO guidelines, iodine supplementation is only given to children who are vulnerable to iodine deficiency.
That’s the rules regarding providing supplements or additional vitamins for your child.
Although supplementation and additional vitamins and minerals are important for baby’s growth and development, there are various things that doctors consider to provide supplements for your child. It is better for Mama to discuss with the doctor before giving supplements to the Little One.